© Can Stock Photo / kiev4
(3 November 2016) Soon after the attempted coup of 15 July, prevented by thousands of people, the Turkish government adopted a state of emergency. This was deemed necessary to deal with the terrorist organization that is widely believed to be behind the attempt. The coup attempt was a traumatic experience for Turkish people having experienced three coups before resulting in military dictatorship. The state of emergency was prolonged for a further three months on 19 October. During the state of emergency the government adopted decrees with limited parliamentary involvement. These decrees have been used to dismiss and suspend tens of thousands of people from the public sector. They teachers, health workers, prison guards, police, forensics experts, judges and my more. The Turkish Council of Ministers adopted two new decrees (with codes of 675 and 676) under state of emergence law Saturday 29th October. With these two decrees another 10.131 public employees were affected. The latest dismissals include
- 2,534 personnel from the Justice Ministry,
- 2,219 from the Education Ministry,
- 2,774 from the Health Ministry,
- 1,267 from higher education institutions and
- 101 from the armed forces.
- The remaining 1,236 dismissals were across several different government departments and agencies.
In total around 110,000 people have been sacked or suspended. 37,000 people are arrested.
EPSU’s General Secretary Jan Willem Goudriaan “It is absolutely clear that these arrests, dismissals and suspensions have nothing to do anymore with going after the ones responsible for the attempted coup. There are no fair hearings and trials. Workers do not have the possibility to fight their dismissals. It effects hundred thousands of family members.” He adds: “Freedom of press and speech is attacked. Journalists are jailed. Elected mayors are dismissed. The conclusion must be that President Erdogan and the majority in the Parliament are violating the rule of law and democracy. Stronger reactions are needed from the European institutions.“
Many of our friends and colleagues have been effected by these latest dismissals. EPSU affiliate SES, the health care workers union of the confederation KESK, http://www.kesk.org.tr/ saw more than 400 members being dismissed. This includes board members of the union. The latest round effects its branches in the East ad Southeast branches. The whole board and including substitute members were dismissed in Şanlıurfa. The union’s education and organizational secretary Fikret Çalağan was dismissed as were Mehmet Sıddık Akın, the previous general secretary, Hasan Kaldık, ex-Treasurer, Aslıhan Han Özden, a legal expert, Veysi Ülgen, the first president and one of founder members of SES, Gülistan Atasoy a member of SES and also the Women’s secretary of the confederation KESK.
EPSU’s Goudriaan “The Turkish government is going after a trade union that stands up for its members and people and has been critical of government policies for example in Southeast Turkey. The union in the past also criticized the cooperation between the now ruling party AKP and Gülenists. You can not escape the conclusion that the Turkish government seeks to silence all opposition and including the unions.
- These dismissals come on top of recent attacks on elected mayors with the arrest on Sunday (30 October) of Gultan Kisanak and Firat Anli, co-mayors of the largely Kurdish southeastern city of Diyarbakir.
- The decrees let to the closure of 15 more newspapers, wires and magazines, which report from the largely Kurdish Southeast. The total number of media outlets, tv stations and publishers closed since July to nearly 170. It includes the art and culture journal Evrensel Kültür. Over 2500 journalists are without a job and more than 100 journalists are in jail.
- Universities have been stripped of their ability to elect their rectors. Erdogan will from now on directly appoint the rectors from the candidates nominated by the High Educational Board (YOK). He extends his and his party’s influence over the education system.
- President Erdogan continues to promote the reintroduction of the dealth penalty, most recently on Saturday (29th)
For the statement of the European Commission High Representative Mrs. Mogherini and Commissioner Mr. Jahn regarding the arrests of the democratically elected co-mayors of Diyarbakir, in south east Turkey, Ms. Gültan Kışanak and Mr. Firat Anli