Restructuring in the Electricity Industry: A Toolkit for Socially Responsible Restructuring with a Best Practice Guide

{December 2008} A report for EURELECTRIC, EPSU and EMCEF by David Tarren, Dr. Howard Potter, Dr. Sian Moore - Working Lives Research Institute for the full report: EN - BG - CRO - PL - RO for the executive summary: FR- DE - CS - CR - ES - ET - LV - LT {{ {{{Executive Summary}}} }} Given the range of various European Union directives concerning market liberalisation, restructuring has become an ongoing issue for social partners operating in the electricity sector in Europe (p5). Within the context of the European Social Model, effective social dialogue between employers and trade unions is understood to be the best way to address the effects of restructuring. This practice is enhanced by both European and national legislative frameworks as well as a strong business case (p9). For social dialogue to be effective it must be timely, active, collaborative and fully engage in an ongoing fashion the workforce concerned. It also should always have mechanisms for monitoring progress and evaluating outcomes. Social dialogue must rest upon a realistic understanding of the particular positions that each of the social partners hold. Instigating social dialogue in SMEs, outsourcing and situations involving atypical workers can help reduce the effects of `silent restructuring` (p14). Anticipation and transparency is central to any successful restructuring. These approaches should become part of the daily life of any organisation if it is to manage change effectively on an ongoing basis (p21). To develop the trust that comes with anticipation and transparency there should be a variety of structures and mechanisms that are dedicated to restructuring. Long-term workforce planning that involves formal retraining mechanisms and an ethos of lifelong learning will assist in the both the general employability of the worker and their possible redeployment within the company (p31). Restructuring choices that involve the loss of experienced employees, such as early retirement, contributes to the risk of skills flight at both company and sectoral levels (p34). The experiences of restructuring may have a detrimental effect on the health of workers, both those that leave companies and those that remain. To minimise this positive health strategies should be in place before restructuring occurs and become part of organisational life thereafter (p40). Depending on the circumstances within which restructuring occurs, public authorities at local, national and/or European levels may have a beneficial role to play in conjunction with the activities of the social partners (p45). This is especially the case where the business undergoing restructuring is the major employer within a specific geographical area. The social partners may be able to obtain specific assistance through existing European funding streams to manage change for their employees and members (p46). Given the increasingly transnational nature of the sector, there are more and more opportunities to consider good practice approaches to restructuring form businesses elsewhere. This can be facilitated through existing European level social partner organisations. {{{Full report:}}}
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- [Chapter 2.2.12 on {{outsourcing}}->art4934] available in EN/FR/DE/ES/ET/BG/CS/HR/PO/RO/LT/LV